Patricia Musenya Mbevi, Dr. Charles Ndeto


In Kenya, cement manufacturing supports the construction industry, which is a major driver of economic growth and employment. To remain competitive in the cement industry as well as increase efficiency and effectiveness, various firms have adopted lean supply chain management. The use of lean supply chain management contributes to improved operational efficiency, cost reduction, and overall competitiveness in the industry. However, despite the adoption of lean supply chain management, firms in the cement manufacturing industry in Kenya have been experiencing a decline in their profitability, market share and customer satisfaction. Therefore, the general objective of the research was to examine the effect of lean supply chain management on performance of cement manufacturing firms in Machakos County, Kenya. The specific objective of the study was to examine the effect of quality management and distribution management on performance of cement manufacturing firms in Machakos County, Kenya. The study adopted a descriptive research design. The target population was seventy-two (72) heads and assistant heads of production, procurement, store/warehouse, transport, sales and marketing as well as quality assurance departments in 6 cement manufacturing firms in Machakos County. The study used a census approach and hence the whole population was included in the study. The research made use of both primary as well as secondary data. Secondary data was collected from the annual; reports of cement manufacturing firms. Primary data was obtained by use of semi-structured questionnaires. A pilot test was conducted in Ndovu Cement to assess the reliability and validity of the instrument for research. Both quantitative and qualitative data was generated by the questionnaires. Qualitative data was analyzed using thematic analysis, and the results were presented narratively. Descriptive as well as inferential statistics will be employed in analyzing quantitative data with an assistance of SPSS version 25 statistical software. Descriptive statistics comprised of mean, standard deviation, percentages and frequency distribution. Inferential data analysis was carried out using Pearson correlation coefficient and linear regression analysis. The study found that quality management had a positive and significant effect on performance of cement manufacturing firms in Machakos County, Kenya. In addition, the study found that distribution management had a positive and significant effect on performance of cement manufacturing firms in Machakos County, Kenya. The study recommends regular training programs for updating employees on changes in quality assurance procedures. Also, cement manufacturing firms should employ advanced technology for accurate and real-time inventory tracking. Further, the management of cement manufacturing firms should implement a real-time distribution management system.

Key Words: Lean Supply Chain Management, Performance of Cement Manufacturing Firms, Quality Management, Distribution Management

Full Text:



Abimbola, B. O., Ekpudu, J. E., & Kuye, O. L. (2021). Contributions and theoretical approach to total quality management. UNILAG Journal of Business, 7(2), 1-13.

Ahmed, S. (2019). Integrating DMAIC approach of Lean Six Sigma and theory of constraints toward quality improvement in healthcare. Reviews on environmental health, 34(4), 427-434.

Anisere-Hameed, R. A., & Bodunde, T. D. (2021). The impact of inventory management on the profitability of manufacturing companies in Nigeria. International Journal of Innovative Research and Advanced Studies (IJIRAS), 8(1), 9-15.

Craighead, C. W., Ketchen Jr, D. J., & Darby, J. L. (2020). Pandemics and supply chain management research: toward a theoretical toolbox. Decision Sciences, 51(4), 838-866.

Creswell, W. & Creswell, D. (2022). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. New York: SAGE Publications, Inc.

Cutolo, D., & Kenney, M. (2021). Platform-dependent entrepreneurs: Power asymmetries, risks, and strategies in the platform economy. Academy of Management Perspectives, 35(4), 584-605.

Devi, P. S. (2019). Research methodology: A handbook for beginners. New Delhi: Notion Press.

Duan, Y., & Huo, J. (2021). On empirically estimating bullwhip effects: Measurement, aggregation, and impact. Journal of Operations Management, 67(1), 5-30.

Gambi, L. D. N. & Lizarelli, F. L. (2020). The impact of quality management practices on innovation: an empirical research study of Brazilian manufacturing companies. Benchmarking: An International Journal, 28(3), 1059-1082.

Goh, M., & Goh, Y. M. (2019). Lean production theory-based simulation of modular construction processes. Automation in Construction, 101, 227-244.

Gołaś, Z. (2020). The effect of inventory management on profitability: Evidence from the Polish food industry: Case study. Agricultural Economics, 66(5), 234-242.

Hair, J.O., Page, M. & Brunsveld, N. (2020). Essentials of Business Research Methods. London: Routledge

Karuga, C. & kibe, L. W. (2023). Influence of Structural Decisions Strategy on Organizational Performance of Cement Manufacturing Firms in Kenya. International Journal of Strategic Management, 2(1), 22-37.

Kenya Association of Manufacturers (2022). Cement Manufacturing Firms in Kenya. Retrieved from https://kam.co.ke

Kimari, H. & Muli, S. (2022). The Influence of lean supply chain management practices on performance of manufacturing firms in Kenya. International Journal of Business and Social Research, 12(1), 1-15.

Kinyua, I. W., & Sije, A. (2023). Strategic Quality Management Practices and Operational Performance of Soft Drink Manufacturing Firms in Nairobi County, Kenya. International Journal of Social Sciences Management and Entrepreneurship (IJSSME), 7(1), 101-122.

Kiplagat, N. K. (2019). Role of Multi-Echelon Distribution Systems on Performance of Manufacturing Firms in Kenya (Doctoral dissertation, JKUAT-COHRED).

Kitainge, J.M. & Jemaiyo, B. (2022). Distribution Channel Structure Influence on the Performance of Cement Manufacturing Firms in Kenya. European Journal of Management and Marketing Studies, 1(2), 101-123.

Krishna, B. (2020). Guide to Research Methodology and Biostatistics. New York: SAGE Publications Ltd.

Mbithe, S., & Charles, N. (2021). Influence of Distribution Management Strategies on the Performance of Cement Manufacturing Firms in Machakos County; Kenya. International Research Journal of Business and Strategic Management, 2(2), 111-128.

Muiruri, J. W., & Peterson, M. O. (2020). Quality Management Practices and Competitiveness of Manufacturing Firms in Nairobi. International Journal of Supply Chain and Logistics, 4(1), 27-45.

Mukherjee, S.P. (2020). A Guide to Research Methodology: An Overview of Research Problems, Tasks and Methods. New York: CRC Press.

Mulandi, C. M., & Ismail, N. (2019). Effect of inventory management practices on performance of commercial state corporations in Kenya. International Academic Journal of Procurement and Supply Chain Management, 3(1), 180-197.

Ochieng, B. (2021). Lean Manufacturing Practices and Supply Chain Performance of Sugar Manufacturing Firms in Western Kenya. American Journal of Supply Chain Management, 6(1), 27 - 43. https://doi.org/10.47672/ajscm.719

Oluwakoya, A. O., & Ogundipe, S. D. (2022). Investigating the Influence of Third-Party Logistics Providers on the Physical Distribution of Manufactured Products. A Study of MDS Logistics. Journal of Behavioural Studies, 3(2).

Ongaro, F.J. (2019). Effect of Lean Manufacturing Practices on Supply Chain Performance of Manufacturing Firms in Kenya: A Case of Food Manufacturing Firms in Nairobi County. Retrieved from https://repository.kcau.ac.ke/

Panigrahi, R. R. & Sahoo, A. (2021). Inventory management and performance of manufacturing firms. International Journal of Value Chain Management, 12(2), 149-170.

Rajab, F., Ngugi, P., & Kiarie, D. (2021). Influence of supplier relationship management on performance of manufacturing firms in Kenya. International Journal of Supply Chain and Logistics, 5(1), 31-45.

Taengwa Denhere, E., & Choga, F. (2022). Effect of Supplier Relationship Management on Organizational Performance: A Case Study of the Plastic Manufacturing Industry in Harare between 2015-2019. Open Journal for Information Technology, 5(1), 17.

Tiwari, P., Sadeghi, J. K., & Eseonu, C. (2020). A sustainable lean production framework with a case implementation: Practice-based view theory. Journal of Cleaner Production, 277, 123078.

Udeze, C. & Ugbam, O. (2018). Effect of Lean Manufacturing on the Performance of Nigerian Manufacturing Organization. Aefunai Journal of Accounting, Business and Finance, 2(12), 101-112.

Wachuma, P. & Shalle, N. (2020). Effect of Lean Supply Chain Management Practices on Organizational Performance in Government Ministries in Kenya: A Case of Children’s Department in the MLSSS. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 6(5), 364-375.

Zhu, T. & Balakrishnan, J. (2020). Bullwhip effect in the oil and gas supply chain: A multiple-case study. International journal of production economics, 224, 107548.


  • There are currently no refbacks.