Billygraham Miyiziru Musonye, Dr. Paul Machoka


The decline in procurement efficiency, with a cycle time increase from 60 to 75 days, underscores operational challenges in obtaining crucial supplies promptly. Supplier evaluation practices' decline in meeting performance criteria, from 75% to 57%, indicates challenges in maintaining reliable suppliers. This study sought to assess the procurement Practices on Performance of Humanitarian Organizations in Nairobi City County in Kenya. Specifically, the study focused on establishing the effect of procurement process on performance of Humanitarian Organizations in Nairobi City County in Kenya and analyzing the effect ethical considerations on performance of Humanitarian Organizations in Nairobi City County in Kenya. The study adopted a descriptive survey design, utilizing both qualitative and quantitative methods to gather data from 130 respondents that engage in Procurement Practices of the 10 HOs in NCC, Kenya. Data was collected from the respondents through questionnaires. The collected data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) Version 28 and presented in form of tables and figures while explanations were given in prose. The study concludes that procurement process has a positive and significant effect on performance of Humanitarian Organizations in Nairobi City County in Kenya. The study also concludes that ethical considerations has a positive and significant effect on performance of Humanitarian Organizations in Nairobi City County in Kenya. From the findings, this study recommends that the management of Humanitarian Organizations should enhance the needs analysis phase by ensuring it is thorough, accurate, and reflective of the current situation on the ground.


Key Words: Procurement Practices, Procurement Process and Ethical Considerations

Full Text:



Altay, N. (2008). Issues in disaster relief logistics. In M. Gad-el-Hak (Ed.), Large scale Disasters: Prediction, Control and Mitigation (pp. 120-146). Cambridge University Press.

Antonakis, A. M. (2014, September). An integrated model of goal-focused coaching: An evidence-based framework for teaching and practice. International Coaching Psychology Review, 7(2), 146–165.

Balcik, B., & Ak, D. (2014, June). Supplier Selection for Framework Agreements in Humanitarian Relief. Production and Operations Management, 23(6), 1028–1041.

Bouffard, J.A. and Wolf, K. (2007), “Rational choice theory: a crime-related perspective”, in Ritzer, G. (Ed.), The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Sociology, Blackwell Publishers, Malden, MA, pp. 3807-3810.

Budworth, T., & Hashemi, W. S. G. A. (2014, July 11). Reflective Learning. Routledge.

Creswell, J. W. (2018). Research Design: Qualitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches.

Didier Noyer, “Management Procurement performances”, Inspection Consulting Editions, Paris, 2002;

Denscombe, M. (2015). The Good Research Guide: Philadelphia: Open University press. supplier selection. European Journal of Purchasing & Supply Management, 8(7), 75-89.

Eftekhar, M., Webster, S., 2020. Inventory Policies for Disaster Relief Operations: A Mix of Reactive and Proactive Alternatives. (July 17, 2020). Available at: SSRN:

Eftekhar, M., Masini, A., Robotis, A., Van Wsenhove, L.N., (2014). Vehicle Procurement policy for humanitarian development programs. Production. Operations. Management. 23 (6), 51–964.

Elster, J. (1989, November 1). Social Norms and Economic Theory. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 3(4), 99–117.

Ertem, M. A., Buyurgan, N., & Rossetti, M. D. (2010, April 20). Multiple‐buyer procurement auctions framework for humanitarian supply chain management. International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, 40(3), 202–227.

Abdelmagid, N., Checchi, F., Garry, S., & Warsame, A. (2019, August 28). Defining, measuring and interpreting the appropriateness of humanitarian assistance. Journal of International Humanitarian Action, 4(1).

GHA, (2019). Global humanitarian assistance report 2019. world/global-humanitarian-assistance-report-2019. (Accessed 10 May 2024).

Kaur, H., & Singh, S. P. (2020, October 15). Disaster resilient proactive and reactive procurement models for humanitarian supply chain. Production Planning & Control, 33(6–7), 576–589.

Harpreet, K., & Prakash, S. (2022). Proactive and reactive Procurement models for disaster operations management. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 65, 102623.

Hu, S. (2022). Socio-Economic Planning Sciences. DOI: 10.1016/j.seps.2022.101302.

Jahre, M., 2017. Humanitarian supply chain strategies – a review of how actors mitigate supply chain risks. J. Humanitarian. Logistics. Supply Chain Management. 7 (2), 82–101.

Jahre, M. (2017, August 7). Humanitarian supply chain strategies – a review of how actors mitigate supply chain risks. Journal of Humanitarian Logistics and Supply Chain Management, 7(2), 82–101.

Kombo, D.K., & Tromp D.A. (2018). Project and Thesis Writing - An Introduction Paulines Publications Africa

Kothari, C.R. (2014). Research Methodology; Methods & Techniques (2nd ed.). New Delhi; New Age International Press Limited

Kovacs, G., Moshtari, M., (2019). A roadmap for higher research quality in humanitarian operations: a methodological perspective. Eur. J. Oper. Res. 276 (2), 395–408.

Lekakeny, D. (2018). Factors Influencing Procurement Planning Among Humanitarian Non-Governmental Organizations in Kenya: A Case of Save the Children. Journal of International Business, Innovation and Strategic Management, 1(4), 60-82.

Locke, E. A. (1968). Toward a theory of task motivation and incentives. Organizational behavior and human performance, 3(2), 157-189.

Locke, E., & Latham, C. (2002). "An integrated model of goal-focused coaching: an evidence-based framework for teaching and practice”. International Coaching Psychology Review. 7 (2): 146–165

Marianne, J., & Ian, H. (2008). Does the Current Constraints in Funding Promote Failure in Humanitarian Supply Chains? Supply Chain Forum: An International Journal, 9(2), 44-54.

Mwanjumwa, G., & Simba, F. T. (2015). Factors Influencing Performance of HOs Humanitarian organization: A Case of International Committee of the Red Cross in Kenya. International Journal of Scientific and Research

Publications, 5(9).

a. Global Humanitarian Assistance. (2021). Global Humanitarian Assistance Report 2021. Development Initiatives.

Mugo, H., (2013). Determinants of Procurement regulatory compliance in Kenyan electricity generating company: International Journal of Social Science and Entrepreneurship, 1 (7), 267-25.

Mulvenna, A., (n.d.) How to use an ERP to improve your purchasing Practiceses. Genius ERP.

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. (1995). High-Purity Chromium Metal: Supply Issues for Gas-Turbine Superalloys. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Ngechu, M. (2017). Understanding the Research Practices and Methods. An Introduction to Research Methods. Acts press, Nairobi

PPRA (2015), disposal-act-revised-edition-2022/ (Accessed 15th August 2023)

Roehrich, J. and Lewis, M. (2014), "Procuring complex Procurement performance : implications for exchange governance complexity", International Journal of Operations & Production Management, Vol. 34 No. 2, pp. 221 241.

Research on Logistics Transportation Project Design Based on Supply Chain Management. (2023). Industrial Engineering and Innovation Management, 6(9).

Satz, D. and Ferejohn, J. (1994), “Rational choice and social theory”, The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 91 No. 2, pp. 71-87.

Shahin, J., & Mahbod, T. (2007). Adolescents' psychological functioning at school and in sports: the role of future time perspective and domain-specific and situation-specific self-determined motivation". Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology. 34 (8): 643–673.

Shakya R.K., (2019) Green public Procurement strategies for environmental sustainability. Engineering Science Reference. World Bank, USA. https://www.igi-global.Com/book/green-public-Procurement-strategies-environmental/202761 Theron C, Dowden M (World Bank (2020). Benchmarking public Procurement 2020: Assessing public Procurement systems in 180 economies, Washington, DC.

Shaolong, Z., (2022). Supplier selection for disaster operations management: A multi-objective programming approach. Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, 159, 101981.

Sollish, F., & Semanik, J. (2012). The Procurement and supply mangers' desk reference (2n d ed.). USA, New Jersey: Wiley & Sons.

Torabi, S.A., Shokr, I., Tofighi, S., Heydari, J., 2018. Integrated relief pre-positioning and Procurement planning in humanitarian supply chains. Transport. Res. E Logistic. Transport. Rev. 113, 123–146.

Tomasini, R. M. & Wassenhove, L. N. V. (2019). Pan-American Health Organization’s Humanitarian Supply Management System: De-politicization of the Humanitarian Supply Chain by Creating Accountability. Journal of Procurement, Vol 4, Issue 3, pp 437-449.

UNICEF, 2018. Supply annual report 2018. | UNICEF, (Accessed 14th August 2023).

Vaillancourt, A. (2017). Procurement consolidation in humanitarian supply chains: A case study. International Journal of Procurement Management, 10(2), 178-193.

Vaillancourt, A. (2017). Procurement consolidation in humanitarian supply chains: A dynamic capability approach. Journal of Humanitarian Logistics and Supply Chain Management, 7(3), 328-347.

Van Wassenhove, L.N., (2006). Humanitarian aid logistics: supply chain management in high gear. J. Oper. Res. Soc. 57 (5), 475–489.

WFP (2022). Eastern Africa, Supply Chain outcomes in the Food System: Evaluation. [Online] Available at:


  • There are currently no refbacks.